Friday, October 25, 2019

9 Fruits to Grow in Your Garden

Fruits to Grow in Your Garden

The smaller your garden, the more important it is to select fruit trees that give the greatest value.

Deciduous fruit trees have an added advantage, in a small garden of letting the sun through their leafless branches in winter.

1. Peaches

Peaches do well in all but coldest districts. They fruit on new wood made the previous summer, and need pruning each winter so flowering or fruiting wood doesn't go skyward, and so sap is evenly distributed.

In fruit-fly districts, spray all but early varieties with rogor (check with the rogor label), at five, four, and one week before fruit ripens. Ripening time is governed by variety; or, roughly, when fruit is half-size.

Alternatively, for fruit fly splash a square foot or two of foliage each week with a bait lure of 4 teaspoons of protein hydrolysate with 2 teaspoons of malathion wettable powder 25, and a cup of water.

Spray with fungicide just before bud swell to control curly leaf, and periodically until fruiting to check brown rot of fruit.

Peaches are self pollinating, so only one tree is necessary. They usually begin fruiting in the second or third year from planting.

2. Plums

Plums crop on spurs forming on the old wood, so need little pruning after except initial shaping and thinning. Pest and disease control as for peaches. Most varieties need another type for successful pollination, except Santa Rosa, which is also a pollinator for other Japanese plum varieties.

3. Apricots

Apricots are between peaches and plums, bearing on both old and new wood. The old wood does not need pruning back and fruiting spurs should be thinned to keep trees bearing well. Apricots are subject to similar pests and diseases to peaches, but are sensitive to sprays such as rogor. They are self pollinating.

4. Apples

Apples suit cold to warmer-temperate districts. They crop mainly on old wood, so need little more than initial shaping, and occasional thinning of growth. Heavy pruning causes over-vigorous, unproductive top growth.

They are subject to fruit fly, usually within six weeks of ripening, and are also attacked by codling moth.

Arsenate of lead sprayed when petals fall is recommended for the initial spray, then fortnightly sprayings with carbaryl.

Some types, such as Granny Smith, may set a reasonable crop without another pollinator, but a pollinator is desirable. Some nurseries graft 2 or 3 varieties to one tree to overcome this problem. Apples usually need about five years to settle down and bear well.

5. Pears

Pears like conditions and treatment similar to apples, but growth is usually erect, making a tall, pyramid-shaped tree. They usually take five to eight years to bear.

6. Figs

Figs grow in cool-to-tropical climates, with a preference for temperate areas, although they stand severe inland heat providing roots can reach seepage or other moisture. Apart from initial shaping they need no pruning, and all but Smyrna figs are self pollinating. They can fruit in 2 to 3 years.

7. Persimmons

Persimmon trees rarely more than 12 feet high with foliage that colors beautifully in autumn. The rich, pulpy fruits come in late summer or autumn, often bearing the second year from planting. Named varieties, sold as grafted plants, are self pollinating. Seedlings may need another type close by to bear well.

8. Papaws

Papaws are palm-like trees 8 to 15 feet high with large, shapely foliage. Male trees have small flowers on branching stems, flowers of female or fruit-bearing trees are larger, and set close. You need one male tree for pollination.

Papaws are tropical, but grow in sub-tropics and sometimes bear in warm, sheltered parts of the temperate coast. Plants die after bearing for several years.

9. Citruses

Citruses are probably the least demanding, although to get in good crop it is worth feeding with a citrus fertilizer, complete garden food, or fowl manure, in spring, early to mid-summer, and autumn. Otherwise, their main need is good drainage and at least 2/3 sunlight.

Oranges need little or no pruning, lemons progressive pruning, cutting back the old, fruit-carrying twigs to a sturdy young growth. Thorny mandarins are also pruned back to about the third shoot from fruit, when finished.

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