Thursday, October 31, 2019

Early Planting Vegetables

Vegetables such as lettuce, carrots, beetroot, and spring onions will mature in about 3 months' time during warmer weather when salad vegetables will be in demand.

Carrots need two and a half to three and a half months to mature. Top weight is one of the most popular varieties, quick-growing and resistant to virus.

Radishes are quick workers and mature fully in a month to six weeks from seed-growing.

White turnips take two and a half to three months and swedes three and a half to four and a half months.

Kohlrabi takes two and a half to three months to reach full size. It should not be left to become too mature as it will become woody and inedible.

Onions and leeks are long-season crops and take up to seven months to mature, but young onions may be pulled when they reach pencil size for salads.

Cabbages, cauliflowers, and broccoli vary in maturity from four to six months, as also do parsnips, celery, and salsify (oyster plant).

Silver beet takes two to three months to reach harvesting size, depending upon the soil fertility and your treatment. It can be helped along by fortnightly feeding with a liquid fertilizer.

In the coldest climates vegetables planted at this time of year would be limited to white turnips, onions, carrots, and beetroot.

Lettuces grow well during winter in all but the very coldest areas and may be sown in the open throughout the year.

Peas are usually sown in cool districts from spring to autumn; in temperate areas from autumn to early summer; and in sub-tropical places during autumn and winter.

Rotational cropping - making sure that members of one particular family of vegetables are not continually grown in the same plot - is helpful, especially in a small garden, but it's not as important as it used to be before the introduction of complete fertilizers.

These quickly replace what preceding crops have removed from the soil.

The ideal rotation would be leaf crop, root crop, legumes - for example, lettuce, carrots, beans, then tomatoes or potatoes before this cycle is repeated. It is better not to follow tomatoes with potatoes, as they are of the same family and susceptible to some of the same diseases.


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